Title Body URL
oXygen XML Editor

oXygen XML Editor is a cross-platform textual editing and markup tool. oXygen XML Editor is the "best XML editor available" due to its incredible breadth: it supports all XML schema languages and accommodates "a large number of users ranging from beginners to XML experts". The oXygen XML Editor is designed to work with all XML-based technologies, ranging fro XML databases to web services. The oXygen XML Editor user-friendly interface is designed with special consideration for content authors making this tool the complete editing solution for XML projects. The built-in XML "as-you-type" validation system allows your to check a document's "well-formedness" and validity through the "context-sensitive editing capabilities of the XML Editor". Finally, oXygen XML Editor leverages that extensibility of XML by allowing users to enhance or develop their own frameworks in order to tailor documents to specific needs.


XSL Stylesheets

XSL, or the Extensible Stylesheet Language, is a "family of recommendations for defining XML document transformation and presentation". XSL consists of three parts: XSLT, a language for transforming XML documents; XPath, an expression language used by XSLT to access or refer to parts of an XML document; and XSL-FO, an XML vocabulary for specifying formatting semantics. As a language for expressing style sheets, XSL (like a CSS) describes how an XML document should be displayed. XSL fulfills many of the same functions as CSS but, while they co-exist, they each meet slightly different needs: XSL is better at complex formatting for content that might display in multiple places whereas CSS is better equipped to handle dynamic medias.


TEI Boilerplate

TEI Boilerplate is a "lightweight solution for publishing styled TEI (Text Encoding Initiative) P5 content directly in modern browsers". In order to be presentation-ready, TEI files must be transformed into HTML using XLST and styled with a CSS. While these processes have their advantages, they also involve developing methods and implementing skills that reach far beyond the knowledge of TEI. Additionally, neither program was designed with an intentional relationship to TEI and therefore, HTML is not able of supporting TEI's rich descriptive capabilities and neither can a CSS understand the semantics of the TEI language. This means that performing the transformation and styling process without significant understanding of the systems will render some TEI information lost. The "TEI Boilerplate bridges the gap between these two approaches": TEI XML files can be fed directly into the "web without server-side processing or translation to HTML".



XTF, or eXtensible Text Framework, "is a powerful open source platform for providing access to digital content". XTF is a combination of Java and XSLT coding that actively categorizes, searches, and displays digital objects. XTF facilitates such end-user functions as searching using Boolean commands or wildcard operators, performing structure-aware searches, and creating RSS feeds from search results. XTF is easy to deploy, easy to configure, and extremely robust as it is "optimized to perform well on large documents". XTF is extensible: allowing developers to integrate a variety of authentication systems and modular components. Developed by the California Digital Library (CDL), XFT "functions as the primary access technology for the CDL’s digital collections" and is regularly "maintained and supported by CDL developers".



eXist is an open source database management system and application platform built using XML technology. eXist stores XML data and features an index-based XQuery processing function. eXist is written in Java and provides XQuery and XSLT as its search and application programs but it is compatible with other languages and frameworks. eXist is a schema-less database meaning that it can store "textual or binary data and documents without requiring a database schema". eXist is "fully based upon Open Standards and Open Source making it a future-proof and substainable choice".



XQuery is a widely implemented, highly powerful, cross-platform "standardized language for combining documents, databases, Web pages and almost anything else". XQuery facilitates the extraction and manipulation of XML data from any structured or unstructured source. Closely associated with and developed alongside XSLT, XQuery is able both a query language for XML documents and to transform individual documents into more human readable forms. XQuery contains a superset of XPath expression syntax, which is capable of addressing specific aspects of a XML document by leveraging the tree-structured model of information flow. By searching XML documents through computational expressions, XQuery can gather and report information on characteristics of that document.



"TAPAS is the TEI Archive, Publishing, and Access Service, which provides small projects and individual scholars a low-cost hosted framework for publishing and archiving TEI data". The mission of the TAPAS project is to provide a repository of publishing and archiving services to those who "lack the institutional resources" to "store, share, and publish" their TEI data. TAPAS is a collaborative project led by Julia Flanders and Scott Hamlin that involves many institutions and people working together to develop, test, and provide the TAPAS tools. Not only does TAPAS provide "a repository of encoded texts" but is also facilitates "a community of TEI practitioners" would can review each other's work, collaborate, and network around the world.



WordPress is popular online publishing platform that operates both a rich, subscription site developer - WordPress.org - and an open source, free site developer - WordPress.com. WordPress began as a blogging system but has"evolved to be used as full content management system and so much more through the thousands of plugins and widgets and themes, WordPress is limited only by your imagination". With their multiple hosting options, WordPress caters to a wide variety of users: from those without any technical knowledge but a desire to publish online to corporations operating robust and professional websites. Implementing a user-friendly interface but offering many opportunities for personalization, WordPress strikes the perfect balance between ease and extensibility. Powering over 23% of the internet, WordPress has an incredible support system built through live chats, support pages, and open forums.



Tumblr is a web publishing platform that allows users to effortlessly "post text, photos, quotes, links, music, and videos from your browser, phone, desktop, email or wherever you happen to be" . Founded in 2007, Tumblr was modelled after tumblelogs or short-form blogs. Users operate a rolling blog page that can be categorized as either open or private. Open Tumblr pages are searchable, followable, and rebloggable (a Tumblr user can repost your content on their own blog page) by the Tumblr community. The majority of Tumblr activities are managed through the blog page dashboard which allows users to view the live feed of recent blog posts from blogs they follow, comment or reblog content from blogs that appear on their dashboard, and to post original content. Tumblr relies on tags (#) to build connections between blog posts that address similar content or themes. As of December 1, 2014, Tumblr hosted over 213 million blogs.



CommentPress is a WordPress plugin or software extension that promotes the social lives of social texts in social contexts. CommentPress was created as a rebellion against the "ill-fitting metaphors from the realm of print" that have been haplessly prescribed to digital texts and failure to acknowledge that "the fact that texts take on different values and assume different properties when placed in the digital environment". CommentPress developed out of the Institute for the Future of the Book which was a special taskforce charged with addressing the "failure of imagination by stimulating a broad rethinking—in publishing, academia and the world at large—of books as networked objects". CommentPress was an experiment to see if the "popular net-native publishing form, the blog", could be "refashioned to enable social interaction around long-form texts". CommentPress situates reader responses alongside the text - paragraph by paragraph, line by line - thereby subverting the discussion hierarchy of blogs and creating a conversation.